There are types of filming that cannot be called generally accepted in professional circles. First of all, they include a self-portrait. Not a single photographer can take a good picture of himself. This genre is more suitable for amateurs. With the development of information technology, self-portrait began to enjoy great popularity. At the same time, in order to create a picture, most often they use a regular mobile phone.

You can also shoot landscapes with your smartphone. Photos are good for a home album. High-quality professional images should be created using appropriate equipment, which is not cheap. Still, it is advisable to start acquaintance with photography with a semi-professional SLR camera from the middle price category. Such equipment allows a novice photographer to get an idea about the genres of photography, as well as learn the basics.


As with any other sphere of life, photography can be approached in a non-standard way. Avant-gardism is a special genre of photography. It is characterized by going beyond the generally accepted aesthetics. To achieve their goals, the photographer can use the most non-standard means.

The avant-garde does not have any specific features, like other genres of photography. Therefore, the professionalism of the image is often quite difficult to track. The photographer can depict a “second reality”, which is in no way connected with the real world. In this case, the subject of shooting can be people, animals, household items and plants. And they will be depicted in an unusual form for others.

Macro photography

This genre is very popular among beginner photographers. It involves obtaining an image at a certain scale. Many consider macro photography to be an opportunity to take pictures at a small distance from the subject. But it is not so. A high-quality picture can be obtained with special lenses. The technique for transferring objects on a large scale is quite expensive.

Macro photography allows you to capture the life of insects, small animals, as well as microorganisms. With the help of an expensive lens, you can even photograph a mosquito or a flea.

Reportage or Photoreport

The term “photo essay” comes from the French “to inform”, “notify”. The specificity of a photo essay is to capture interesting moments in time and in the ability to choose the most successful angle for shooting. In a reportage, as a rule, directing the frame and interfering with the natural course of events is excluded. The main feature of a reportage photograph is its documentary nature. In other words, only the fixation of the event through the prism of the author’s perception is appropriate.

Relatively speaking, the photo essay can be divided into two types.

  • The first is event-based, which includes shooting significant events, such as international forums, theatrical premieres, international sports competitions, etc.
  • The second type is an everyday photo essay, reflecting life in its daily everyday manifestations.

Photo hunting (Animal photography)

Wildlife Photography is a genre of photography in which wild birds and animals are the subject of photography. All animals must be wild, real hunters do not accept shooting in an unnatural habitat.

Panoramic photography

A panoramic photo is a photo that has a wide field of view. The panorama can be planar, cylindrical, cubic or spherical.

Planar panorama – projected onto a plane and can be reproduced on paper or a monitor. Such a panorama is usually obtained using panoramic cameras with a viewing angle of more than 120°, which allows you to get elongated frames with a wide coverage angle.

Such a wide angle is achieved due to the movable lens, which rotates around its nodal point, directing the light flux after the slotted shutter. Panoramic cameras can use narrow (type 135), wide (type 120) film or have a digital matrix.

You can also get a planar panorama by stitching frames from a conventional camera, although in this case it is advisable to use a special panoramic tripod head and appropriate software.

Cylindrical panorama (cyclorama) is projected onto the side of the cylinder and has a coverage of 360°. You can get such a panorama by “stitching” frames from a conventional or panoramic camera.
Cubic and spherical panoramas are obtained, respectively, by projections of the environment onto a cube or sphere.